Located in west-central West Virginia, Calhoun County can trace its origins back to settlement near the present day Arnoldsburg around 1810.
The county has always been sparsely populated, with most people depending on farming for jobs. The county also has a small oil and gas industry.
The Little Kanawha provides recreational opportunities in the area, Dams on the river provide some flood control on the river, however the history of the county is marked by sever floods, including one in 1997.
Grantsville is the County seat and was named for General U.S. Grant.
Source: The 55 West Virginias: A guide to the State's Counties, by E. Lee North, Published by The West Virginia University Press.